2016未来之声·相聚秘鲁
 
您现在的位置:首页 > 晋级选手投稿

Wangs tragedy: personal reflections on Chinese young unemployment

发布时间:2014-5-28 14:03:31    发布者:孙琳

1919年巴黎和会中国外交失败。以学生为先导并倡导爱国、进步、民主、科学精神的五四爱国运动就此爆发,并在各方人士努力下最终取得胜利。陕甘宁边区西北青年救国联合会在1939年规定54日为中国青年节。

 

新五四·新过节

提起“五四”青年节,有些年轻人只会摇摇头,对于这个充满爱国主义色彩的节日一无所知,更别提青年节的来历或者五四精神是什么。如今,青年节被提起的次数远远不如情人节、圣诞节等洋节,甚至连光棍节这样的网络节日都不如。

为何青年节会落得如此惨淡的下场?我不禁想起了奶奶曾经跟我分享过的一段话。我年轻的时候,每到五四青年节,我们都会举行大合唱比赛,或者进行革命诗歌朗诵,当做一个非常隆重的节日.”奶奶回忆道,我们对那段历史非常了解,所以感触特别深刻。这么看来,缺少对历史的亲近感是导致青年节遇冷的一个原因。随着时间的推移,历史的印痕会在人们的脑海中逐渐模糊。出生在8090后的年轻一代,几乎没有经历过历史和政治上的动荡,也没有经历过大的经济波动。生长在这样的环境里,难免对长辈们口中的团结、爱国感到十分陌生。

除此以外,国家对五四青年节的宣传力度普遍偏低,除高校停课半天以外,工作单位不会放假,也不会组织集体活动。久而久之,这个节日就会被大家所淡忘。因此,为了让百年节日能够重获新生,五四青年节应该被赋予新时代的节日特色。只有这样,才能让五四精神深入每个年轻人的心中。

可是,新时代下的五四青年节应该注入哪些特别的元素?革命?爱国?青春?既然有节庆,就必然会有商业元素。最近这几年,一些商家开始不断地酝酿着利用这一因爱国主义壮举而产生的节日,寻找商机,赚取盈利。可是,将这“五四”青年节包裹上一层浓厚的商业外衣,真的是可行之举吗?例如,一家婚纱摄影机构推出青年节婚纱优惠套餐,当日接单全部打八折,同时还推出五四装束创意写真,吸引8090后穿蓝布衫、学生装,系围巾、手持线装书,在户外吟诵诗歌。甚至有些策划机构试图走进大学校园,号召“将成人礼与五四爱国主义精神相结合”,意图通过“成人礼”打响公司品牌,增加其商业价值。

在老一辈的眼里,“五四”青年节是一个神圣而充满责任的中国节日,而“五四”精神就是中华民族最根本的爱国主义精神,商业元素的入侵是对这个爱国节日的亵渎。过节,青年人应该带着纯粹的心态,主动地亲近那段历史,体会岁月的沉淀,并感恩当下的美好生活。

而在我看来,纯粹的心态似乎很难让“五四”精神真正扎根在年轻人的心里。让青年节焕发新的活力,不妨从其他的中国传统节日中寻找灵感,例如春节离不开联欢晚会,元宵年年都有猜灯谜。“五四”青年节,何不搞一场青年联欢晚会,或是历史知识竞答比赛?把娱乐、文化、学习、生活都融入其中,在寓教于乐的同时,向青年人传递爱国、进步、民主、科学的“五四”精神。

 

A large number of young people cannot find a job after leaving school. What problems will youth unemployment cause for individuals and society? what measures should be taken to reduce the level of unemployment among young people

 

Wang's tragedy: personal reflections on Chinese young unemployment

In 2000, under the enormous psychological pressure,Wanggraduating from Beijing Normal University,with the bachelor degree of management, committed suicideafter four-month’sunemployment, which caused a sensation in his hometown and the society as a whole. He couldn’t find a single job that both satisfying and welcomes him, so the tragedy happened.But, why a famous university graduate fails to get employed and ends in suicide?

It is now generally recognized that China is the largest economic engine in the world, providing thousands of hundreds of job opportunities each year. However, young Chinese are still facing severe challenge of finding a job. Strangely, statistics show a tendency that the less educated the young Chinese are, the more likely they are to get employed, just like the case of Wang, which reflects a negative correlation between the levels of education and the capacity of finding a job.

Why does it happen?From my perspective, there are several reasonsfor this social concern. First of all, well-educated graduates likeWang are vulnerable when havingpsychologicalfall between ideal anticipation and real situations; they are not willing to take blue-collar or low-salary jobsafter years’ of high education while not being capable enough of managing senior white-collar jobs, thus leaving themselves awkwardlyunemployed.

The problem is also rooted in the alleged failures of the educational system.Famous Chinese universities are often short ofnecessary professional training coursesthat teach undergraduates how to find a suitable job and to adapt various business emergencies; there is a huge gap between what the undergraduates learn on campus and what they have to deal with in the real workplace.Wang is one of the victims of this systematic imperfection.

Last but not least, Chinese society hasn’t provided enough appropriate and qualified job vacancies for college graduates, especiallythose with diplomas of arts and management due to China’sindustrial-oriented economic structure. For example, technical-base majors students are more likely to get employed after graduation.

Therefore, the problem of youth unemployment in China is more structural than periodic. With time passes, several negative consequences of youth unemployment will emerge causing for individuals and society.

First of all, for individuals, unemployment leads to discomfort and mental diseases. Like Wang, unemployed young Chinesecan neitherincapable of paying the bills nor purchasing basic and essential goods. As time passes, they are likely to be angry and frustrated at their inability tofind productive employment.They lackthe essential relationship with the society and gradually lose self-esteem and become less confident, impatient and non-respectful.Further more, unemployment will lead to pressure and violence, causing some mental sickness, such as melancholia and infantile autism.Such illness may contribute to various forms of antisocial behavior such as vandalism, crime, drug use, and alcoholism.

Second, early unemployment affects long-term career development. Even though the probability of unemployment falls relevantly rapidly as youth approach their mid-twenties, there is aconcern that periods of youth unemployment may have longer-term consequences on earnings and job performance.For example, some people may become so accustomed to working irregularly or not at all that they may develop anti-work attitudes. Others will lack the early experiences in the labor market that provide the background for later career mobility, and they may be relegated to lower level positions for their entire careers.

More broadly, the coming years will probably witness a continuous rise of youth unemployment, which will weaken the overall economic growth.Unemployment will cause inequality in the society, deepening the gap between the rich and the poor. Meanwhile, educational industry becomes stagnant and the overall cultural and scientific qualitieswill stay low, which is very likely to cause social conflicts. Further more,constant growth rate of youth unemployment in Chinahas shown the decrease of national income and the increasing burden of financial expenditureincluding unemployment insurance and the direct investment in social public security.

Since youth unemployment is closely related to overall economic conditions and the rate of unemployment,concerted effort should be madeto reduce the level of youth unemployment in China. Active labor policies,such as increasing the effective demand for goods and services through reducing taxes and by raising government expenditures,shouldbe used to promote economic growth and full employment while using for reference what the European Union and other western countries havepositively done to reduce youth unemployment.

Given the general background on economic policies to reduceunemployment, it is also appropriate to putsome emphasis on educational concerns.Universities would need to be improved tomeet the standardsof potentialemployers; on-campus training programs should be established andrefurbished to address directly the types of skills that are needed in labor markets.

Finally, the gravity of the youth unemployment situation in China calls for bold new approaches to job creation.Young graduates should be encouraged to start their own business through which they can learn entrepreneurial experience and technology and enjoy preferential national policies over other competitors. What’s more, starting own business, one of the positive ways of employment, not only can generate incomes for themselves, but also is helpful to create more job vacancies.

All in all, the unemployment of young generation is primarily related to the future development in China, active measures should be taken to reduce the severe situations. The governmentas a whole should conduct positive labor-oriented economic policies, which are necessary conditions for addressing youth unemployment.Second, various educationaland training programs on campus can give youth agreat competitive advantage relative toadults than they presently have, increasingyouth employment at the expense of theirolder colleagues. Finally, graduates are welcome to start their own business that can benefit themselves with profits as well as creating jobs for the society.

选送赛区:天津赛区

姓名:孙琳

学校:复旦大学

 

 

分享到:

Tags:
相关文章:
主办单位:中国国际商会
承办单位:APEC未来之声 中国区组委会

网站公告 | 网上报名 | 保护隐私权 | 免责条款 | 法律顾问 | 意见反馈
Copyright © 2014All Rights Reserved. 版权所有 APEC未来之声中国区选拔活动组委会
总记录访问: 371922 次      信息产业部备案:京ICP备18011235号-1