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将“五四”进行到底

发布时间:2014-7-2 9:58:54    发布者:Admin
每当生命中迷惘之际,每当社会中屡闻惨绝案件之时,总会回想起,回想起五四运动时,那些义愤填膺的青年学子们,铿锵有力的话语:
“夫山东北扼燕晋,南控鄂宁,当京汉津浦两路之冲,实南北咽喉关键。山东亡,是中国亡矣。我同胞处此大地,有此山河,岂能目睹此强暴之欺凌我,压迫我,奴隶我,牛马我,而不作万死一生之呼救乎?”
于是开始思考:五四运动的真正精神是什么呢?五四运动真正的精神动力,仍然是“救亡图存”这个自近代以来的强大主题,换句话说,是民族主义。在德先生赛先生背后,在科学与民主背后,推崇的是自由与平等。思想解放,人格独立。胡适提出“不用典”,“自己铸造词句以写眼前之景,胸中之意”;“不讲对仗”,以免“束缚人之自由”;“不避俗字俗语”,提倡白话文学。
民主以及科学,既是个人自由的手段,又是民族振兴的手段。这就是五四运动大力倡导民主和科学的原因:作为自由主义者,他们为个人自由而要求民主与科学;作为民族主义者,他们为救亡图存民族振兴而要求民主与科学。
在中国近代以来的历史上,可以说,“五四”是空前伟大的一场运动,同时也是空前偏激的一场运动。“五四”之伟大,在于它空前地突显了现代自由精神──作为现代民主与科学之前提的自由精神;“五四”之偏激,则在于它那种同样是空前的反传统立场,整个就是一派“西风压倒东风”,但“五四”的这种偏激自有其历史必然性,此所谓“其势不得不然也”。
五四运动中当然有值得商榷的地方,比如,认为传统文化是自由的天敌,作为中国传统文化主流的儒家思想更是自由的枷锁、扼杀自由的罪魁祸首。于是进行全盘否定。五四运动中推崇的自由,是民族主义旗帜下知识分子“以天下为己任”的责任感。家国自由大于个人自由,在当时的背景下,有其独特意义,但也被某些专家认为,放弃小我追求大我,是不自由的表现。但是到了如今时代,青年的“小我”占据主流,成了无信仰时代精致的利己主义,却更值得敲响警钟。在应试教育的培育下,考试机器们多数丧失了独立人格,对“公民自由”的争取,也日趋艰难。经过战争、文革、改革开放的折腾,中国人的精神和信仰体系都需要重构。在这样的时代背景下,呼吁五四精神的回归,也显得尤为重要。
在全球化的今天,在逐渐被西化,青年容易崇洋媚外的今天,我们应加大对民族精神、文化传统的重视。这个时代,不需要我们去抛头颅、洒热血了,但是需要我们对本民族文化的传承与民族精神的发扬。
这是最好的五四,这是最好的爱国。
将五四进行到底。
 
  
 
The Internet and Mobile Phones
 
Because of our continuous quest for more amenities and better standard of living, we have been able to invent and discover many new things.With the advent of Internet, our earth has virtually reduced in size and has attained the form of a global village.The nineties witnessed a major revolution with the invention of the first electronic digital computers.During our evolutionary journey from ancient to modern, we have come a long way. But are Internet and mobile phones virtually positive inventions for human beings?
We can’t deny the fact that Internet and mobile phones do bring quantities of benefits.The Internet has become an indispensable business tool, which has helped bring the world closer. Receiving news from across the world, accessing knowledge resources, and shopping online are simply a click away. The Internet has tremendous potential and a lot to offer in terms of services.Firstly,it guarantees faster communication.The Internet has been mankind's greatest means of communication yet. Newer innovations are only making it faster and more reliable. Today, we can initiate real-time communication with someone who is in another part of the world.Secondly,it offers us abundant information resources.The Internet is a treasure trove of information; which offers knowledge on any given topic under the sun. Search engines make information accessible on various subject matters such as, government law and services, trade fairs and conferences, market information, new innovations and technical support, and even dispense advice on love and relationships matters.Last but not the least,it creates online service and E-commerce.Thanks to numerous monetary services, we can perform all our financial transactions online. We can book tickets for a movie, transfer funds, pay utility bills and taxes without having to leave our homes or offices. Travel websites for instance, offer quick booking schemes and plan itineraries as per the preferences of their clients.
There is no doubt that Internet also has its disadvantages.In the first place,theft of Personal Information is everywhere on the internet.The use of Internet for banking, social networking, or other services, often makes our personal information vulnerable to theft. There are no fail-proof ways to securing names, account numbers, addresses, photos, and credit card numbers from being stolen or misused by thieving websites and individuals.In the second place,there are massive quantities of age-inappropriate content.Pornography and age-inappropriate content is perhaps the biggest disadvantage of the Internet. The worst being underage porn, which is largely rampant in the deeper parts of the web. It is the lack of control over the distribution and unrestricted access of pornographic material, that is detrimental to children. All that parents can do, is lock harmful sites and monitor the sites viewed by their children.In the third place,it causes problem of social Isolation, obesity, and depression.The biggest problem with having the Internet is, its ability to create rifts between the real and virtual world. The virtual world can often seem so alluring that once hooked, going back to real life seems daunting.There is an addiction for everything that pertains to the web and that includes excessive surfing, online gambling, social networking, and gaming addiction. There are now psychiatric clinics and doctors that specifically cater to resolving the problems created by the Internet. These addictions create both physical as well as mental issues that can lead to health complications if left unattended. It is ironic that, while it is easy to find plenty of online support for agoraphobia, the Internet itself can be a big cause or trigger for it.
When it comes to the advantages and disadvantages of mobile phones,some people insist that it carries more advantages than its drawbacks.Some hold the opposite opinion.I think that both sides are right to some extent.With the improving of our living standard, nowadays ,almost everyone can afford a cell phone. Every cion has two sides. When we are enjoying the benefits that cell phones have brought us ,we are now faced many problems.To start with , mobiles phones have brought us many conveniences. With a using of a phone ,we can surfing on the Internet whenever we like without opening a computer.What's more, we are informed of everything important when we carry our cell phone all the time. Furthermore, it can also help us with some learning,because we can look up the word in the digital dictionary.Secondly, our cell phones still causes many serious problems. On one hand,the most problem is electric wave radiation ,which is bad for our health. On the other hand, it will affect our learning and working. For example,When we are at an important meeting with an important partner ,if your cell phone rings, it will interrupt the whole environment and the partner will think you don't respect him. Another example is when you are having a boring class or meeting, then you will take out your phone reading novels,surfing on the Internet ,playing games ,all these will distract you from good working.
To sum up. Both of Internet and mobile phones have its advantages and disadvantages.We ought to maximize its advantages and avoid its disadvantages. And we are need to believe that technology invention carries more benefits to us than drawbacks.
 
作者:高苗卿
 
 

 

 

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